Law Term


(US) The process by which the federal House of Representatives brings charges against the president for the misconduct alleged to have been committed. 

The federal House of Representatives can impeach a party with a simple majority of the House members present or other criteria as the House adopts per Article One, Section 2, Clause 5 of the United States Constitution.

Types of conduct

Congressional materials have cautioned that the grounds for impeachment “do not all fit neatly and logically into categories” because the remedy of impeachment is intended to “reach a wide variety of conduct by officers that are both serious and incompatible with the duties of the office”.

Congress has identified three general types of conduct that constitute grounds for impeachment, although these categories should not be understood as exhaustive:

  1. improperly exceeding or abusing the powers of the office;
  2. behavior incompatible with the function and purpose of the office; and
  3. misusing the office for an improper purpose or for personal gain.